Diagnostic Imaging at Southern Regional
Southern Regional is dedicated to making sure our patients understand more about healthcare. Here are some commonly-used terms to help you learn about diagnostic imaging procedures.
- Mammography/Mammogram – A type of X-ray using a low dose of X-ray and high-contrast, high-resolution film that is used to detect breast cancer.
- MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) – Provides high-contrast images of soft tissue. It is used to image the brain, the spine, injured joints, blood vessels and organs in the abdomen and pelvis.
- X-rays – There are two main types of X-rays. A radiographic X-ray is when a still image is made of a bone or organ. A fluoroscopic x-ray is when a moving image of an organ is viewed on a TV screen or computer monitor.
- CT or CAT scan (computed tomography) – Combines the use of a computer with an X-ray to create cross-sectional images of bone, soft tissue and organs.
- Ultrasound – Relatively inexpensive and radiation-free, this method is used to monitor fetal development, as well as to evaluate kidneys, liver, pancreas and blood vessels in the neck and abdomen.
- DEXA scanning (bone mineral density) – Involves taking dual-energy X-rays of bones in the spine, wrist, arm or leg and comparing the bone density to historical data to determine whether the patient has osteoporosis and to what degree.
- Nuclear medicine – Shows the anatomy and function of organs and enables faster diagnosis of some diseases and medical conditions.
Center for Bariatrics and Health Weight
The Women’s Health Center
Heart & Vascular Services